List of Haitian Presidents: Who was overthrown, who died in office, the few who finished their term

Here is an updated list all past presidents of Haiti. Discover which Haitian president was overthrown, sent to exil, which Haitian president died in power, who committed suicide, one was executed by a firing squad, and the few who actually finished their term in office.

Former Presidents and Chiefs of State of Haiti
Former Presidents and Chiefs of State of Haiti

  • Emperor Jacques I (Jean-Jacques Dessalines) 1804 - 1806, murdered.
  • Emperor Henry I (Henri Christophe) 1807 - 1820, suicide
  • President Alexandre Pétion 1807 - 1818, died in power
  • President Jean Pierre Boyer 1818 - 1843, overthrown
  • President Rivière Hérard 1843 - 1844, overthrown
  • President Philippe Guerrier 1844 - 1845, died in power
  • President Jean Louis Pierrot 1845 - 1846, overthrown
  • President Jean Baptiste Riché 1847 - 1847, died in power
  • Emperor Faustin I (Faustin Soulouque) 1847 - 1859, overthrown
  • President Fabre Nicolas Géffrard 1859 - 1867, overthrown
  • President Sylvain Salnave 1867 - 1869, executed. Read this... Fearing for his life, President Salave fled to the Dominican Republic. He was betrayed by Dominican General José María Cabral, who was in sympathy with his opponents, betraying the trust he had placed in him, gave him up to the Haitians. President Sylvain Salnave was executed by firing squad on the grounds of the national plalace.
  • President Saget Nissage 1870 - 1874, term expired
  • President Michel Domingue 1874 - 1876, overthrown
  • President Boisrond Canal 1876 - 1879, overthrown
  • President Lysius Félicité Salomon 1879 - 1888, overthrown
  • President Francois Légitime 1888 - 1889, overthrown
  • President Florvil Hyppolite 1889 - 1896, died in power
  • President Tiresias Simon Sam 1896 - 1902, term expired
  • President Nord Alexis 1902 - 1908, overthrown
  • President Antoine Simon 1908 - 1911, overthrown
  • President Cincinnatus Leconte 1911 - 1912, died in power
  • President Tancrède Auguste 1912 - 1913, died in power
  • President Michel Oreste 1913 - 1914, overthrown
  • President Oreste Zamor 1914, overthrown
  • President Davilmar Theodore 1914 - 1915, overthrown
  • President Vilbrun Guillaume Sam 1915, murdered. Read this... Fearing for his life, President Sam fled to the French embassy, where he received asylum. The rebels' mulatto leaders broke into the embassy and found Sam. They dragged him out and beat him senseless then threw his limp body over the embassy's iron fence to the waiting populace, who then ripped his body to pieces and paraded the parts through the capital's neighborhoods.
  • President Sudre Dartiguevave 1915 - 1922, term expired under the First American Occupation.
  • President Louis Borno 1922 - 1930, term expired under the American occupation.
  • President Eugène Roy 1930, term expired.
  • President Sténio Vincent 1930 - 1941 1934, term expired.
  • President Elie Lescot 1941 - 1946, overthrown.
  • President Franck Lavaud 1946.
  • President Dumarsais Estimate 1946 - 1950, overthrown.
  • President Paul Eugène Magloire 1950 - 1956, overthrown.
  • President Joseph Nemours Pierre-Louis, overthrown
  • President Franck Sylvain 1957, overthrown
  • President Daniel Fignolé 1957, overthrown
  • Antonio Thrasybule Kebreau, Executive Government Council 1957, (Chief of the Military Junta)
  • President François Duvalier 1957 - 1971, President for life, died in power
  • President Jean-Claude Duvalier 1971 - 1986, President for life, overthrown
  • President Henri Namphy 1986 - 1987, President of Haiti's interim ruling body, the National Council of Government, term expired
  • President Leslie Manigat 1988, overthrown
  • President Henri Namphy 1988 - 1989, overthrown
  • President Prosper April 1989 - 1990, overthrown
  • Hérard Abraham, March 10, 1990 - March 13, 1990, Acting president of Haiti. Gave up power after 3 days, becoming the only military leader in Haiti during the twentieth century to give up power voluntarily.
  • President Ertha Pascal-Trouillot 1990 - 1991, term expired. First woman president in Haitian history
  • President Jean-Bertrand Aristide 1991, overthrown
  • President Joseph Nerette 1991 - 1992
  • Prime Minister Marc Louis Bazin 1992 - 1993 ??, overthrown.
  • President Jean-Bertrand Aristide 1993 - 1994, in exile (first exile).
  • President Emile Jonassaint 1994?
  • President Jean-Bertrand Aristide 1994 - 1996, return from exile and term of office.
  • President René Preval 1996 - 2000, term expired.
  • President Jean-Bertrand Aristide 2000 - 2004, overthrown
  • President Boniface Alexandre 2004 - 2006, term expired
  • President René Garcia Préval 2006 - 2011, term expired
  • President Joseph Michel Martelly 2011 - 2016, term expired
  • President Jocelerme Privert 2016 - 2017, term expired
  • President Jovenel Moïse 2017 - 2022, current mandate ...

A people without memory is a people without history, today comes the time to forge the memory for a common future.

That history repeats itself in a different way, because great men make history while little men make stories with spin-offs and harmful consequences for generations to come!

It should be noted that North Alexis was the oldest Haitian President, until he reached the National Palace. He was almost eighty (80) years old when he came to power.

Jean-Claude Duvalier, for his part, broke the record for the youngest leader Haiti has ever known.

The Haitian rulers from 1804 to 1908 were almost all old heroes of the War of Independence.

Haiti experienced its first period of political stability after 1915. Once, the occupant left, instability settled and the army took taste in power until its dissolution, in the late twentieth century by former President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, democratically elected in 1990.

Based on an original post by Claudy Briand Auguste

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